by Vitali Turenko1
1 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Received: September 3, 2019 / Accepted: October 12, 2019 / Published: November 10, 2019
View Full-Text Review Reports Cite This Paper
The article highlights the specifics and features of the formation of philosophical and anthropological studies in Soviet Ukraine. The author focuses on the scientific work carried out during the interwar period (1918-1939) and focuses on the work of such Ukrainian thinkers as Mykola Khvylovyi and Volodymyr Yurynets. It`s proved that before to the emergence of the H.Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the restoration of the Faculty of Philosophy of Kyiv State University, the works of Ukrianian philosophers of the 20-30’s focus mainly on the “deological” factor of human being and formation conception “communist person”. Accordingly, Volodymyr Yurynets introduced the concept of “living person”, which opposed the ideologized “class person” as such, which is limited in creativity and intellectual activity. Another thinker — Mykola Khvylovyi introduces in his work the concept of “public man”, which Ukrainian scientist characterizes as an image of a free, European personality. Finnaly, the author examines the relevance of the introduced concepts by the Ukrainian Soviet thinkers in the context of modern transformations in the understanding of the person.
Keywords: Ukrainian philosophy in Soviet period, human, person, history of Ukraninan philosophy, Mykola Khvylovyi, Volodymyr Yurinets, public person, living person, Marxist-Leninist ideology
Deborin, Abram (1927) Marxism and culture. Revolution and culture,
Galan, Natalia (2015) Philosophical-critical discourse in the theoretical heritage of Ukrainian Soviet philosophers of the 1920s — 1930s. PhD-theses 09.00.05, Kyiv, Dragomanov National Pedagogical University.
Gushpyt-Titarenko, Ganna (2013) Existential anthropological and personal orientation of Ukrainian philosophy of the second half of the twentieth century, Scientific Bulletin of Chernivtsi University. Philosophy, 646-647: 118-122.
Khvylovyi, Mykola (1990) Works in 2 volumes. Vol. 2. Kyiv, Dnipro.
Loy, Anatoliy (2003) Philosophy and Worldview in Late Marxism. Philosophical and Anthropological Studies. Kyiv, Stylos, 103–130.
Vdovychenko, Georgiy (2005) Philosophy of history and philosophical anthropology of M. Khvylovyi, Multiversum. Philosophical almanac, 50, 74-82.
Vdovychenko, Georgiy (2017) Philosophy of Culture as a Direction of Philosophical Thought of Ukraine of the 20-30’s of the 20th Century (Historical and philosophical analysis). PostDoc in Philosophy: 09.000.05. Kyiv.
Share and Cite
Turenko, Vitali (2019) View on Human in the Ukrainian Philosophical Studies in the Interwar Period: from Past to Future. Future Human Image, Volume 12, 115-120. https://doi.org/10.29202/fhi/12/10