1 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
2 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
3 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Received: 18 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 March 2021 / Published: 25 April 2021
The article deals with different approaches to sexual minorities, both of legislative nature and of their public perception in different world countries. Enshrining equal human rights and freedoms inlaws is a sign of society’s democratisation and the level of civil society’s maturity. Therefore, educating people about the tolerant attitude towards representatives of different sexual orientation is an important task for post-Soviet countries, including Ukraine. Based on Western Europe and the USA’s experience, mechanisms for protecting the minority rights in post-Soviet countries are distinguished, which requires the adoption of appropriate laws and society’s tolerant attitude.
Keywords: sex, gender, minorities, sexual minorities, discrimination, tolerance
Fausto-Sterling, A. (1993) The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female Are Not Enough. The Sciences, March/April. 20-24.
Gomilko, O. (2002) Gender. Philosophical encyclopedic dictionary. Goal. ed. VI Shinkaruk. Kyiv: Abris: 111-112.
International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems: Tenth Revision (1998) World Health Organization. Ministry of Health of Ukraine. Ukrainian Institute of Civil Health, Vol. 1. — Part 1. Kyiv: Health.
Ivanchenko, S.M. (2007) Multidimensional gender model. Social Psychology, Vol. 4, 157-173.
Khodakivsky, M.D. (2014) Combating discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in Ukraine. State and law. Legal and political sciences, Vol. 66, 297-307.
Latkovskaya, T.A. (2014) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is an outstanding document of human history. Bulletin of the Chernivtsi Faculty of the National University “Odessa Law Academy.” Chernivtsi. Issue 4. 39-47.
Likestillings- og diskrimineringsombudet (2020) Store norske leksikon. Available online: https://snl.no/Likestillings-_og_diskrimineringsombudet
Nazaruk, N. (2017) Ombudsman for the protection of sexual minority rights. The practice of foreign countries. Bulletin of Lviv University. A series of philosophical and political studies, Issue 10, 161-167.
Nesterenko, V. (2002) Dignity. Philosophical encyclopedic dictionary. Goal. ed. VI Shinkaruk. Kyiv, Abris.
Tishkov, V.A. (2010). Minority. New philosophical encyclopedia in 4 vols. Vol. 2. Inst. Of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow: Thought.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) Adopted and promulgated by U.N. General Assembly Resolution 217 A (III) of December 10, 1948.