1 Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology (Maoming, Guangdong Province, China); Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
2 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Received: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 20 September 2021 / Published: 15 November 2021
This research offers a linguacultural analysis of the main ideas and goals of institutions for the preservation of the culture and language of the Indigenous peoples of America, through the publication of relevant research in thematic journals and popular books, to determine the relevance of the problem of the identity crisis in the worldview and literature of Native Americans. The authors used the thick description method to analyse the main goals of twenty-five Native American organisations, basing their research on articles published in the past few years in nine scientific journals on various topics (from culture to business) and books written by Indigenous authors. The authors reached their conclusions based on this research material. The results of the study, which focused on institutions that preserve the culture and heritage of the Indigenous peoples of America and their activities, found that one of the main challenges is the preservation of identity. Analysis of the articles of leading journals on literature, culture, politics, business, philosophy, as well as analysis of the content of the books written by Indigenous people, revealed that identity crisis is an urgent problem. Despite the prevailing opinion in American society, it is obvious that a crisis is inevitable. All 25 of the organisations, whose goals were studied in this article, support, preserve, broadcast, and transmit values, heritage, and spiritual culture, and, in one way or another, confront the identity crisis. After analysing more than 550 articles in nine scientific journals devoted to the culture of American Indians, it was found that the vast majority of materials directly or indirectly relate to the problem of the crisis. To count the exact number of articles in which this problem is raised, in our opinion, is impossible due to subjective views, but we argue that this percentage is very significant. Almost all materials in one way or another relate to the problem of an identity crisis.
Keywords: Native American Literature, American Culture, Identity Crisis, Self-Identity
American Indian Society of Washington, DC. Retrieved from https://aisdc.org
Archibald, J.-A. (2008) Indigenous storywork: educating the heart, mind, body, and spirit. UBC Press.
Archibald, J-A., Lee-Morgan, J. and Jason De Santolo, eds. (2019) Decolonising Research: Indigenous Storywork as Methodology. London: Zed Books.
Bazaluk, O. (2017) The Problem of War and Peace: A Historical and Philosophical Analysis. Philosophy and Cosmology, 18: 85-103.
Browne, R.B. (2006) The Cambridge Companion to Native American Literature. The Journal of American Culture, 29: 98-99.
Burton, T., Adlam, J. E., Murphy-Belcaster, M., Thompson-Robinson, M., Francis, C. D., Traylor, D., Anderson, E., Ricker-Boles, K., and King, S. (2020) Stress and Coping among American Indian and Alaska Natives in the Age of COVID-19. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 44 (2), 49–70. https://doi.org/10.17953/aicrj.44.2.burton
Carayon, C. (2019) Eloquence Embodied: Nonverbal Communication among French and Indigenous Peoples in the Americas. Williamsburg, VA: Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture and Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
D’Amico, E. J., Palimaru, A. I., Dickerson, D. L., Dong, L., Brown, R.A., Johnson, C. L., Klein, D.J., and Troxel, W.M. (2020) Risk and Resilience Factors in Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Youth during the Coronavirus Pandemic. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 44 (2), 21–48. https://doi.org/10.17953/aicrj.44.2.d’amico
Deloria, V. (1969) Custer died for your sins: An Indian manifesto. New York: Macmillan. London.
Dunbar-Ortiz, R. (2019) An Indigenous People’s History of the United States for Young People. Adapted by Jean Mendoza and Debbie Reese. Boston: Beacon Press.
Grandin, G. (2019) The End of the Myth: From the Frontier to the Border Wall in the Mind of America. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Hertzberg, H. W. (1971) The Search for an American Indian Identity: Modern Pan-Indian Movements. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press.
Isaacs, S. M. (2019) Eastern Cherokee Stories: A Living Oral Tradition and Its Cultural Continuance. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Jones, B., King, P. T., Baker, G., and Ingham, T. (2020) COVID-19, Intersectionality, and Health Equity for Indigenous Peoples with Lived Experience of Disability. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 44 (2), 71–88. https://doi.org/10.17953/aicrj.44.2.jones
Khomenko, I. (2020) Exploring the meaning of arguing in folk culture and language in Ukraine. Future Human Image, 13: 24-31. https://doi.org/10.29202/fhi/13/3
LaDuke, W. (1997) Last Standing Woman. Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press.
Lamana, G. (2019) How “Indians” Think: Colonial Indigenous Intellectuals and the Question of Critical Race Theory. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Roberts, S. E. (2019) Colonial Ecology, Atlantic Economy: Transforming Nature in Early New England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Rowe, R. K., Rowat, J., and Walker, J. D. (2020) First Nations’ Survivance and Sovereignty in Canada during a Time of COVID-19. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 44 (2): 89–100. https://doi.org/10.17953/aicrj.44.2.rowe_rowat_walker
Rudenko, S. V., and Sobolievskyi, Y. A. (2020) Philosophical Ideas in Spiritual Culture of the Indigenous Peoples of North America. Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research, 18: 168–182. https://doi.org/10.15802/ampr.v0i18.221428
Sobolievskyi, Y., and Liebiedieva, H. (2021) Debate between American Philosophers H. Putnam and N. Chomsky on the Internal or Social Nature of Language. Ukrainian Policymaker, 8: 108-116. https://doi.org/10.29202/up/8/11
Suzack, Ch. (2017). Indigenous Women Writing and the Cultural Study of Law. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.